SAP MB51 – Material Document List
When searching for materials movement history in SAP MB51 is the transaction you are going to use. It is a flexible and neat report that you will find very useful.
In SAP, all transactions that create goods movements (sales, goods receipt, transfers, etc.) creates material documents. These material documents have details of that movements (like date, user, locations, invoice nr, etc.). Therefore they are used for tracking material movement history.
In order to effectively track movement history, you need to be informed about movement types in SAP. Movement type shows at a glance, what kind of movement is done to a material (sales, transfer, etc.). You can get information about most used movement types in the post: common movement types.
When you first call SAP MB51 transaction, the first screen you are going to see will be the filter screen.
This screen has a wide variety of filter for your different filtering needs. Most common filters you are likely to use are:
- Plant (for multi-pant systems)
- Movement Type
- Posting Date
- User Name
An important detail is clicking on this option to avoid struggling with ugly multi row lists. When you click on this option, your list will be created in datasheet layout.
When you search for a material, you get a list of movements of that material. Default list you are going to get will look like the one below:
This list doesn’t have much information as it is. But since a material document has much more information, you can choose to display more in here. This can be done as shown below.
Material Document in detail (MIGO-Display authorization is required):
This amount of information should be enough to start using SAP MB51 effectively. By checking all available options and additional columns, you can master this report in no time.